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Traditionally, life scientists have had only one primary forum to access and view poster presentations—scientific conferences. BioTechniques, the leading journal of life science methods, is proud to bring you the latest BioTechniques Poster Hall—an interactive electronic supplement that provides life scientists the opportunity to view posters at their leisure.
Phenotypic loss-of-function RNAi screens with complex lentiviral-based shRNA expression libraries that target and silence several thousand genes provide a realistic and workable approach to identify genes that functionally modulate a cellular response such as viability of cancer cells or apoptosis. As long as the shRNA libraries are properly constructed so that hairpin representation is well characterized and reasonably constrained, and changes in shRNA representation in selected vs.
A major challenge facing the development of PI3K-targeted pharmaceutical agents is the lack of patient-relevant, in vitro model systems. Studies into the function of oncogenic mutations are commonly carried out in cell line panels that are mutant or wild-type for the gene of interest, however interpretation of these studies can be confounded by additional genetic differences between each cell line background, calling into question the reliability of the results.
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a class of enzymes that remove acetyl groups from ε-N-acetyl lysine amino acids on histones and other proteins. The removal of acetyl groups serves to increase the positive charge of histone tails, encouraging binding between histones and the DNA backbone, and preventing transcription.
Post-translational modifications of histones are among the epigenetic mechanisms that can affect chromatin structure and function. Disruption of epigenetic processes can lead to altered gene expression and malignant cellular transformation.
Several assay methods have been developed for quantifying the activity of histone deacetylases (HDACs and sirtuins), histone methyltransferases (HMTs), and histone demethylases (HDMs). These include radioactive assays, enzymelinked immunoassays (ELISA), mass spectrometry, and enzyme-coupled detection of fluorescent peptides or reaction co-products (e.g.