It is a commonly held belief that T–cell receptors are nearly perfect at distinguishing who is the enemy; however, new research from the University of Oxford (UK) has overturned this dogma. T cells determine who is friend or foe through how tightly the T-cell receptor can bind to antigens on those cells, binding poorly to antigens on ‘normal’ cells and tightly to those on the enemy. Yet, recent clinical studies of autoimmune diseases have challenged the perceived perfection of the T-cell method, given they have been seen to attack ‘normal’ cells if they happen to express a large number of our own antigens – regardless of the strength of binding to each individual antigen. ...
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